Wednesday, December 2, 2015

Sima Preiser z"l

Sima Preiser was a member of the Lower East Side Ken in Manhattan. 

She initially went on Aliya in October of 1949 with a group of Betarim led by Ray Kaplan that joined the Garin Chadness at Shuni.  She was afounding member of Mevuot Betar.  She lived there for a number of years, went back to the States for a number of years and then returned to Israel and lived there continuously until her passing. 

-  From Ray Kaplan


Thursday, November 26, 2015

42 Years After Yom Kippur War, Another Azkara

Here are some photos from this year's Azkara, the Memorial at Mt. Herzl and then at the Miller's for Eli and Chuck. I don't think I can say anything that hasn't been said before.

Our ties are family ties. It's thrilling and comforting to see how grown up Eli and Rena's grandchildren now are, and it just gets sadder to think that Chuck has left only fading memories.

Tuesday, October 27, 2015

Betar Greets Menachem Begin in New York, December 1948

MK Menachem Begin, accompanied by Joanna Jabotinsky and Natziv Simcha Rosenberg during his December 1948 visit to New York during which there was a city-sponsored parade, a dinner and a visit to Rosh Betar's grave.

Dave Krakow adds:

The Misdar took place at the Hotel Diplomat in N.Y.C., in late 1948.  Regret I cannot identify the two Betariot.  All the best .  

One more detail:

The pix of Begin and Mrs. Jabotinsky was taken by a friend who was a photographer whom I invited to come with me to the Misdar which took place either the end of November or beginning of December 1948.  It was this friend who took the picture which I recently  gave to my brother Steve who then sent it out on Amhistory-Betar.    Joshua Joe Adler

From JTA reports:

Menachem Beigin, Former Irgun Commander, Arrives in U.s., in Country on Visitor’s Visa
November 24, 1948

Menachem Beigin, former commander-in-chief of the Irgun Zvai Leumi and at present leader of the Irgun-sponsored Freedom Movement in Israel, arrived here today. (In Washington, a state Department spokesman said that neither the British Government nor anyone else had objected to the American Government’s granting Beigin a vise. The Israeli visitor, for whose capture the former Mandatory Power in Palestine offered $40,000, is in this country on a visitor’s visa.)

Beigin Received by N.Y. Mayor; 2,000 Persons Wait Outside City Rail to Greet Him
November 28, 1948

Menachem Beigin, former commander of the Irgun Zvai Leumi, was greeted in City Hall today by Mayor William O’Dwyer while a crowd of 2,000 waited outside. The city’s greetings were extended to Mr. Beigin after he had passed through New York’s garment district at noon time traveling in a motorcade.

Beigin Outlines Freedom Movement Program at Dinner in His Honor; Halls Ben Gurion
December 1, 1948

More than 2,000 guests at a $50-plate dinner in honor of Menachem Beigin, former leader of the Irgun Zvai Leumi and present head of the Irgun-sponsored Freedom Movement in Israel, last night heard him toast David Ben Gurion, “our first Premier who granted me an exit permit to come to the United States.” He emphasized that without the action of the Irgun, Ben Gurion today would have been the chairman of the Jewish Agency executive but not the Premier of a Jewish state.

Interrupted frequently by applause from the guests, the Freedom Movement leader outlined his party’s domestic and foreign policy program for Israel. Firstly, he condemned the Bernadotte plan and then the variation of the British proposal as amended by Philip Jessup, American delegate at the U.N. “Even an American plan allegedly supported by the British still is a British plan, and its purpose is still to choke us within the walls of the ghetto, whatever its name may be,” he said. Beigin insisted that the Jewish state must be comprised of the area on both sides of the Jordan River.

Turning to internal affairs, Beigin stated that Israel must have a system of direct democracy, with the constitution guaranteeing each citizen the right to participate in popular referendums on major issues. He asserted that the Jewish state, even if it were to include the present territory of Transjordan, would still be small enough to permit such procedure.

In the economic field, he pledged that his party would fight all forms of trusts and monopolies, whether they are controlled by individuals, groups or factions. “Monopolies in any form and shape oppose the common man,” he said. However, he emphasized that the Freedom Movement advocates the investment of private capital in the upbuilding of Israel. Asserting that such a program was “practical,” he stated that it was necessary ” so that our country could be made economically sound and absorb the hundreds of thousands of repatriates who shall return to their homeland.”

In conclusion he expressed the belief that “Palestine will be free–all of it’s that millions of Jews will come to Israel; that peace and brotherhood will prevail in the country between Hebrews and Arabs; and, that under the influence of the Jewish state the Middle East will once again become prosperous and progressive.
At a press conference earlier he characterized charges made against him and the Irgun yesterday by three American religious leaders as “distortion of fact” and “part of a smear campaign.” He said that he was in this country on a “mission of good will” and did not come here to quarrel with or attack anyone. He denied that the Irgun-sponsored Freedom Party in Israel was totalitarian, as charged by the clergymen.

Beigin Criticizes Einstein; Reiterates Demand That Israel Comprise All Palestine
December 8, 1948

Menachem Beigin, former Irgun Zvai Leumi chief, last night criticized Prof. Albert Einstein for calling him and other former Irgunists “fascists.” “I daresay I understand more in mathematics than the old venerated professor understands in politics,” Beigin asserted. He addressed more than 2,000 persons in Manhattan Center.

Declaring that he would not answer “smear campaigns” against him, Beigin said his group is “anti-Fascist,” He reiterated his previous demand that all of Palestine and Transjordan be included in the boundaries of the state of Israel.

Beigin Returns to Israel, Hopes United States Will Give Israel All Possible Aid
December 22, 1948

Menachem Beigin, former Irgun Zvai Leumi commander in Israel, whose return to Tel Aviv last night by air was delayed because of inclement weather, expressed the hope in a farewell statement that Israel will be given all possible aid by the United States. He emphasized that his visit to this country convinced him that “the truth of our war of liberation has been deeply inscribed in the hearts of the American people, Jews and non-Jews alike.”


Wednesday, October 14, 2015

New 1957 Picture

During a New York visit:

Left to right:

Unidentified, Menachem Begin, Aaron Bashani, Yona Ferman, Natziv Yitzhak Heimowitz.

Note from Yitz:

Menachem Begin came to the US after the Sinai Campaign, for a speaking tour.  BG said there would be no withdrawal, but he caved in to American pressure shortly after, and after giving one speech, Begin flew back to Israel.


Thursday, September 3, 2015

Betar at the 1931 US Revisionist Conference

In the Doar Hayom daily newspaper, during the period of its being edited by Ze'ev Jabotinsky, a new item on the US Revisionist Conference was published at the end of January 1931.

Here is the story with the section relating to Betar enlarged on its background:

Can we presume were at this event two months later:

Dr. Magnes Chancellor of Hebrew University Called Traitor at New York Meeting: Revisionist Rioters
March 23, 1931

Stink bombs were thrown by Revisionists who had come in force to a meeting at which Dr. J. L. Magnes, the Chancellor of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, delivered an address in Hebrew on the work of the University under the auspices of the Histadruth Ivrith, the Hebrew-speaking Association of America.

The Zionist Revisionist Organisation of America had adopted a resolution a few days ago before Dr. Magnes’ arrival here, demanding that the Council of the Hebrew University should dismiss Dr. Magnes from his position as Chancellor because of his “activities against Zionism since the riots of 1929″.

Dr. Magnes was called a traitor by the Revisionists present at the meeting and there was a real fight with fists between the Revisionists and the General Zionists who came to Dr. Magnes’ defence. After lasting for about half-an-hour the riot was subdued by the police, who with great difficulty ejected about 40 or 50 of the rioters.

Dr. Magnes then proceeded to deliver his address on the achievements of the Hebrew University, with occasional heckling by some of the Revisionists who had remained behind.

The riots started as soon as Mr. Ab. Goldberg, the Chairman, introduced Dr. Magnes. Dr. Magnes stood his ground calmly and apologised for being the cause of the unpleasantness. I am accustomed to being called a traitor, he went on. I have heard it before, alluding to the days during the war when he had been called a traitor because of his pacifism.

After the conclusion of the meeting, crowds of Revisionists’, who had collected in the street, hurled insulting remarks at Dr. Magnes, who refused, however, the offer of police protection, stating that he was not afraid and preferred to walk home alone.


Thursday, July 16, 2015

The 75th Yahrtzeit of Rosh Betar

Present and accounted for:

Adler, Josh
Adler, Steve
Arens, Moshe
Fischgrund, Chaim
Medad, Yisrael
Teman, Nissan

Other Anglos spotted:

Bar-Neder, Micki
Feder, Shimshon
Rosing, Danny

Chaim and Nissan


Sunday, June 14, 2015

Reminiscence on Camp

So, you thought you'd heard the last of me, well I fooled you.  Writing my post about the parade got me thinking of Camp; but not just about the camp experience - which was out of this world, but the camp staff and its administration.  

Between 1960 -1973 I was a Camper, Waiter, Jr. Counselor, Head of the Waiters and in between, a weekend warrior.  There were staff that came and went, and staff that were there for many years.  And in some cases the staff was not that much older than the chanichim, specifically in the older groups.  All I can say is that they were great leaders and many of us became long lasting friends even with the disparity in our ages. 

                      The first shot appears to be from 1964 and the second 1969 or '70.

But at the top of the food chain were the head counselors: (now again, my memory is not that good these days, so forgive me if I leave a name out) Barry Liben, Jerry Kandel, Benny Rosen, Danny Rosing (G'day Mate), Dov Troy, and acharon, acharon chaviv - Elazar "Gad" Pedhazur. For those of you in the younger generation the name Gad Pedhazur will not ring any bells, but for us oldies (cough, cough) we do - a commander in the Irgun, a shaliach to Betar Australia and finally a shaliach to Betar Arhav and Camp Head Counselor.  Then he went into academia, became a professor, and co-authored a number of books with his daughter Liora, who is currently Senior Vice Provost for Academic Affairs and Dean of Graduate Studies at Hofstra University. 

My memories of Gad are limited by the years that have passed, and the fact that I was 
a mere tinok  when he was head counselor in the early '60's; but he always impressed me as firm but fair. Additionally, he was the first member of the Irgun I had ever met! 

Now you need to remember that the movement's presence in camp between 1960-1962 was almost negligible.  It was in 1963 when all these Betarim started coming up on weekends, and in 1964 when many of the counselors were Betarim that we were exposed to the the full measure of the t'nua.

I can't really do justice to Gad's memory, but this article written by his son Hadar ( now I wonder how he came up with that name?) gives you the measure of the man.
For those of you who received the article from Dany Rosing via the Betar e-mail list, I apologize for the duplication, but I know that some of you are not on the list.  

Another fact that I had forgotten about Gad, was that he was married to Geulah Zohar, one of the premier Israeli vocalists of the day.  You can go to her website, and relive old memories by listening to some of the songs that were part of the early repertoire of the early days in Israel and of the Zionist movements.

Gad and Geulah live in Florida these days and I wish them all the best. In closing I attach some more pictures of the man and his family. 

Bivrachat Shalom v Tel Hai
Shachna Waxman





Monday, June 1, 2015

Reminiscences on a Parade

So, I get an e-mail from Winkie about a week ago with a link to the Camp Betar Facebook Page that says there is going to be a camp reunion at the Celebrate Israel Parade (What happened to Salute to Israel Parade - somebody trying to be PC?)  Well, I figure since I'm going  to the parade anyway, I'd join the reunion. Mind you, I don't know any of these campers and I am probably old enough to be their father (grandfather!), but I  figured they would recognize me since I'd be wearing my tilboshet. Well, I walked up and down the block for two hours and a never heard a Tel Hai. Turns out they were there, since Sharon Chass posted 41 pictures to the Betar site.  Is it possible they did not recognize a Betar Tilboshet????

Wasn't a total loss since I met two chevra I haven't seen in over 40 years;  Suzi Pollack, who was in the Dance Group and Lenny Fuld who was ......lets just say he was Lenny Fuld.  I also ran into Robert Glick who was in Betar in the late '70s.


When it was time to leave, and after the obligatory stop at the MET for bathroom control, I headed back to Queens. While sitting on the train I got to reminiscing about all the parades I had been in and decided that I'd share my memories with you all.  Now at my age, my memory could be a little faulty, so please forgive me.

First Parade - 1965 (now some say there was a parade in '64; if there was I am totally unaware of it!)
It was a small affair with just the Day Schools, some Yeshivot and the Zionist Youth movements in participation. Later on we had the addition of bands, floats, non-Jewish groups and the always raucous Jewish Motorcycle clubs. And it was on Mother's Day, so I invited my mother to the after Parade event at the Bandshell in Central Park. The Parade was on Mother's Day for a while; I guess the organizers wanted it as close to the actual date of Yom Ha'Atzmaut. At some point someone got smart and moved it to later in the month.

We lined up on the avenues east of 5th, north and south of 72nd street.  The march was down 72nd street and into the park and then to the Bandshell for the festivities. I was a member of the Mishmar Ha'Kavod (more on the Mishmar Ha'Kavod later) under the apt tutelage of David Sprung, and I was carrying one of the M1s we had on loan from the DCM.  All of a sudden, some police officer asks us (remember we were all in uniform) to help with crowd control.  So, here I am a, seventeen year old with an M1 doing crowd control for the NYC PD!!!! (remember my mom is in the audience) At some point, some police Lt. sees whats going on and our service to NYC is ended. (reminds me of a similar situation when those of us arrested at the Syrian Mission were filling out our own arrest form till the Precinct Capt. walks in and tears the Sgt a new one.)

After the official festivities we inaugurated our own little kumzitz that lasted for quite a while and drew the participation of many non-Betarim.

Second Parade - 1966: the RAIN Parade.  This time we're marching up 5th avenue from somewhere in the 50's to 72nd.  It was pouring for hours before the parade. We never thought it would stop and were wondering if we would be able to take off our rain gear. Finally it did and we had a wonderful march. Don't remember how, but we later picked up our coats etc. at the Manhattan Moadon - someone must have had a car at the parade rally point.

Of course there were the usual hecklers: the arabs at one spot and then the Neturei Karta further up the road. More recently the organizers have given both groups the same area to stand at to protest, along with the BDSers. I might be wrong, but this could have been the year that Reuven Miller got arrested for getting into a fight with one one the arab hecklers (sorry for the poor quality of the picture).

Third Parade - 1967: This year the parade was moved to march up Riverside Drive. Someone felt that if we marched on 5th avenue there might be trouble, considering what was going on in Israel at the time. Can't remember when the parade was in relation to the war.   

Fourth Parade - 1968: This was the year the organizers refused to let us march with our rifles (though the non-Jewish bands that had drill teams were so allowed - the only difference was that they carried parade rifles while ours were real.), and we were pushed way to the back of the parade. So, Winky fires off this scathing letter to Ted Comet, threatening various actions.  Sof, sof, were given a better spot, but no rifles.

After that it was just business as usual. Another year, another parade, with our Dance Group daintily dancing up fifth avenue. The parade route got longer going all the way to 86th street, but over the years it has been shortened, first to 79th and now back to 72nd.

Now about the Mishmar Ha'Kavod (Honor Guard).  I had the honor of being Mefaked of the Mishmar Ha'Kavod from 1966 to 1972 or 73. The first year or two we just marched up the avenue and didn't do much, and looked like the rest of the marchers. But, then we got game!

We developed a drill routine that we would demonstrate at times when we were stopped, and sometimes while we marched (believe me it was much harder if we were in motion - though the Queen's Salute was a real crowd pleaser when we were moving): Haktef et Nishka (shoulder arms), Yatseg et Nishka (port/lower arms), Degel Shek (salute), D'gel-D'gel (something I made up - a command that was a combination of shoulder and port) , and the famous L'chvod Ha'Malka (Queen's Salute), where the entire Mishmar went down on one knee with the rifles being spun down to the ground. Soon we got white spats, white web belts, gloves, and I even had a parade sword and a whistle (the whistle turned out to be a great voice saver - imagine barking orders for over two miles with all the noise going on and usually a band in front of us - the poor Betari on the east side of Fifth Avenue was sometimes unable to hear my commands and had to watch what the others were doing to get his cue).

The Mishmar Ha'Kavod was usually made up of between 9-12 Betarim: 3 flags, four rifles, two-three "outriders" to fill up the space, and myself. We drilled every Sunday for at least three months in preparation - sometimes inside: sometimes outside (you had to practice outside for the flag bearers since most of our roofs were too low)  - when we practiced outside the Duane Street Misrad, cops were called because we had the rifles out - that took a lot of explaining; once on the roof of the Brooklyn Mo'adon on Flatbush Avenue (cops were called again - more explaining). Now imagine this - we're on a roof, not too big, I have my back to the street and the Mishmar is marching towards me - what was I, crazy???

Members were selected based on their abilities, their attitude, their dedication and their strengths; if you think it is tough carrying/handling a nine pound M1 for 4 miles, figure out what it takes to handle a flag when you have a 10 mile an hour wind blowing.

Members were rotated within the Mishmar  from outrider to rifle bearer to flag bearer as their abilities increased, and I always looked to add new faces every year.  I have always been proud of those that served under me, so I would like to thank the following people: (If I've left your name out, I do apologize, but the years do take their toll, and some pictures don't show the entire Mishmar - Chaim Hornstein z"l, Aharon Goldberg, Risa (Rich) Tzohar, Mella Polacheck, Chaim Fischgrund, Dovid Skolnick, Danny Epstein, Mel Laytner, Shlomo Frisch, Kenny Arfa, Mike Robelo, Barry Liben, Sharon Lebenberg, Joel Rich, Mike Rosentraub, Alan Laytner, Stan Levine, Jonathan Friedman, Wilma Friedman, Bob Grau, George Feldman, Steven Marcus, Nachman Eckstein, J.J. Steinberg, Jeff Mass and Tzvi Bar-Shai.  And to Jonathan and Wilma Friedman, who took over as Mefaked in their own time after I left the movement, a sincere yasher ko'ach for a job well done and
a tradition continued.

Tel Hai
Shachna Waxman

Monday, April 27, 2015

Mobilizing for Israel's Independence War

[with thanks to Sheldon Lerman]

From this Canadian newspaper, January 1948

….The Jewish underground and partisans are on the offensive. Young Jews throughout the world stand ready to join the struggle. 'The Brith Trumpledor — Betar (contracted name of the organization)— is their place of mobilization. The officer's training school will supply instructors, one hundred from every class, to the thousands who look to Betar for guidance and adequate preparation for the task confronting them and Jewry." 

For several weeks, a uniformed group of ninety-eight young men and women, members of an affiliate of the New Zionist Organisation of America, whose headquarters are at 55 West Forty-second Street, New York, have been quietly drilling and training two mights a week in a Harlem gymnasium. Neither the affiliate nor the New Zionist Organization of America is in any manner connected with the Zionist Organization of America, with national headquarters in Washington, and offices in the larger cities. The affiliate of the New Zionist Organization of America calls itself Brith Trumpledor of America, Inc., and has for its objective joining up with the militant movement in Palestine for a Jewish state. Spokesmen declared that those who complete the course at the end of two months will endeavor to get into Palestine through the so-called "illegal route," if visas from the U. S. to that country are not made available. 

Brith Trumpledor of America, Inc., describes itself as a militant Zionist youth organization. Its members are receiving instruction in drill, jiu jitsu, map reading, Palestine geography and topography, radio communications, Jewish history, Hebrew, Arabic, wrestling and hand-to-hand fighting. Headquarters of Brith Trumpeldor in the U.S. are the same as those of the New Zionist Organization of America, on the fifteenth floor of the West Forty-second Street address. Aaron Z. Propes, a former Latvian army officer who came to America from Palestine …Many American Jewish youths, he declared, "are disgusted with British treachery, practiced on a people which is prostrate. "England did not commit only an injustice," he said; "England and the world are responsible for the death of millions of Jews, and American Jewish youth knows that but for a slight accident in their own family history, they too would have been among the corpses. "in the war just concluded, the Jews suffered twenty-five times more dead than the whole British Empire combined. The world has been liberated, yet the Jewish nation remains in English chains. "We will not accept this position. American Jewish youth has been reared in the letter and spirit of the democratic principles of the United States. They know the value of liberty and they will secure it for the Jewish nation. Guts are not lacking in America. The Betar officers school has started the ball rolling on the North American continent." 

Jiu jitsu is taught by an instructor described as Major Allen Smith, a veteran of the Spanish-American War. Military drill is under the instruction of Isaiah Warshaw, a former member of the 112th Cavalry, United States Army. Spokesmen of Brith Trumpledor has a membership of 1,000 throughout the country. In its appeal to prospective recruits through Illustrated pamphlets, Trumpeldor says to Jewish youth: "If you are ready for action, if you want more... 


Sunday, April 12, 2015

Propes' 1934 Visit to America

Polish Trumpeldor Head Sees Powerful U.S. Revisionist Unit

July 20, 1934

Potentialities exist in the United States for the creation of a powerful Revisionist Zionist movement and above all for the formation of a strong Brith Trumpeldor youth group, Aaron Propes, head of the Polish Brith Trumpeldor, declared yesterday on his arrival in New York.

Mr. Propes, who has been head of the Polish Brith Trumpeldor since 1929, said he came here for a short visit to acquaint himself with the Jewish situation. He will return to Europe shortly for the world Brith Trumpeldor conference in Czechoslovakia, and after a short stay in Warsaw and Bucharest will come back to the United States for a period of not less than a year and one half to organize an American Brith Trumpeldor, he declared.

“I recognize the difficulties confronting a Brith Trumpeldor organization in the United States,” Mr. Propes asserted. “I realize that your youth are in a totally different position than the Polish Jewish youth. I know that your young men spend their leisure differently and that they are not accustomed to organizational work, but I am convinced that it will be possible to interest Jewish youth here in our movement and I am certain that the near future will show a strong Brith Trumpeldor in this country. In Poland the Brith Trumpeldor had 2,300 members in 1929. Today there are 60,000 young Polish Jews enrolled in our ranks.”


The Polish Revisionist leader denied vehemently many of the charges brought against the Revisionist movement and the Brith Trumpeldor. He also told of the reason for the adoption of the brown uniform by the Brith Trumpeldor, which has aroused unfavorable comment because of the similarity to the Hitler uniform. “The Brith Trumpeldor was founded in Riga in 1923. Of course we wanted a uniform which is always of interest to young people. We could not use the blue because that was the uniform of the Hashomer Hazoir. Red was out because it was Communist. We finally chose brown because it was the color of Palestinian earth and because it was serviceable. For us that was an important consideration. Our members are mainly very poor young Jews and the buying of a uniform meant financial sacrifices. We had to choose some color that would last. We chose brown at a time when the Hitler movement had not been heard of. But that did not prevent our opponents from likening us to the Hitlerites.”


Attacking the Histadruth, the central labor federation of Palestine, for accusing the Revisionists of strikebreaking, Mr. Propes declared that the accusation was wholly political. “We are out to break the Histadruth,” he said, “but we are not strikebreakers and never have been. What we would like to see in Palestine are neutral labor exchanges, which would guarantee work to all Jews on a non-political basis. The world is tired of political experimentation in Palestine. You may or may not like Revisionist methods in fighting the Mandatory power, but it is the only practical way for the Jews to fight for a Jewish National Home. What is being erected there now is an Arab national home.”


Zionist and general Jewish organizations were not affected by the recent strengthening of the Pilsudski dictatorship in Poland, Mr. Propes declared. He said, however, that the Jewish economic position is bad and that the Jews suffer from the economic policies of the regime.

“In one six-week period, Jewish papers in Warsaw were confiscated thirty times. Even when editions were not confiscated outright they were heavily censored, particularly during the Goebbels visit to Warsaw. It was curious to see the Jewish dailies appearing with blank spaces on every page.”
Mr. Propes characterized the Pilsudski regime as the only one possible at the moment and the only one that would be friendly to the Jews.


Thursday, January 22, 2015

On Jabotinsky's New York Reburial Procession

Received from Canadian Betar Mefaked Harry Wolle:

And he adds:

"a copy of the article from the Herald Tribune.  You will note that the remarks in the article are not quite accurate. No mention of the stop off in Paris.  By the way, that’s me on the right in the forefront."


Wednesday, December 24, 2014

Going on Aliyah, 1956

U.S. Betar Members Leave for Israel for Permanent Settlement
October 9, 1956

NEW YORK (Oct. 8)

A group of five young people, members of Betar, the Revisionist youth organization, left here this week-end for permanent settlement in Israel. The will settle in the Betar colony of Mevoot Betar.


The Eden Protest

Zionist Youths Demonstrate Against Eden; Rabbis Hold Prayer
January 31, 1956

NEW YORK (Jan. 30)

Shouting slogans insisting that there be “No Munich in Washington” and that “Eden Go Home,” Betar, Zionist youth organization allied with the Herut Party, extremist right-wing political organization in Israel, picketed the dock here where Britains Sir Anthony landed. Betar had announced that about 500 persons would participate in the picketing. A police official said he had counted the pickets and that “at no time were there more than 22″ demonstrating.

Police had thrown up barriers to keep the picketers from coming too close to the pier. On the other side of the barriers, encircled by a police detachment which at times seemed larger than the group of pickets, a group of young men and women paraded with signs and banners, and carrier imitation wooden coffins labeled “Neville Chamberlain” and “Anthony Chamberlain.” The reference was to Britains Prime Minister in 1938 who negotiated the Munich agreement by which Britain was charged with having “sold out” to Hitler.

A Convocation of Prayer for Peace for Israel and the world, in connection with the Eisenhower-Eden talks, was held today by the New York Board of Rabbis which represents 700 Orthodox, Conservative and Reform rabbis in the city. Emphasizing that they pray “for America’s and Britain’s sake and for the sake of peace here and there and everywhere,” the rabbis issued a declaration urging the Western Powers to “make it abundantly clear that it fervently guarantees the lives of Israel’s inhabitants, that it will tolerate no war and no encroachment or provocation leading to war, and that those states that even cherish the hope for war or another round are outlaws in the family of nations.”


On the Von Karajan Protest

Revisionist Youths Demonstrate Against Berlin Symphony Concert
March 2, 1955

NEW YORK (Mar. 1)

More than 250 members of Betar, the Revisionist youth organization, demonstrated in front of Carnegie Hall tonight in protest against the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra which held its first New York concert there this evening.

While the pickets marched in front of Carnegie Hall, other Betar members distributed leaflets asking for a boycott of the orchestra’s concerts because it was led by Herbert von Karajan and managed by Gerhardt von Westerman, both former members of the Nazi Party.

Meanwhile, the State Department, in identical telegrams yesterday to the Jewish War Veterans and to James C. Petrillo, president of the American Federation of Musicians, whose New York Local 802 had protested the orchestra’s tour of the United States, declared that both von Karajan and von Westerman had been cleared by German denazification courts and therefore had fulfilled the legal requirements necessary under the McCarran-Walter Immigration Act to enter the U. S.


On the 1950 Anti-German Demo

Three youths arrested after they identified themselves with the Betar youth organization after they and a dozen other young men and women threw eggs, tomatoes and apples at a visiting German soccer team on the steps of City Hall on Friday will be given a hearing on Thursday, it was reported during the week-end. The demonstration took place as the German athletes, affiliated with the Hamburg Sports Verein, were about to be photographed with Acting Mayor Vincent Impelliteri.

Statements issued by the Union Zionists-Revisionsts of America and the Betar executive committee condoned the action of the youths and protested a charge that the demonstrators were Communists. The Betar statement said it was “regrettable that news of the reception (for the Germans) did not leak out earlier, in time to permit a much greater manifestation of dissatisfaction” by the Jews of New York. A spokesman for the visiting Germans, commenting on the incident, said: “We could see that they (the Betar youths) were not Americans.”


Betar Pro-Begin

U.S. Betar Urges World Body to Sever Relations with Revisionists

The second post-war national convention of the Brith Trumpeldor of America adopted a resolution urging the world Betar conference in Paris to sever all ties with the Revisionist Party and to persuade Menachem Beigin, commander of the Irgun Zvai Leumi, to assume leadership of Betar, it was announced here today by the organization.


When B. Netanyahu Went to San Francisco

No, not Binyamin but Ben-Zion Netanyahu

New Zionist Delegation Leaves for San Francisco Conference
May 9, 1945

New York (May. 8)

A delegation of the New Zionist Organization of America, composed of Major William R. Friedman, acting chairman of the New Zionist Organization of America; B. Netanyahu, executive director; Dr. Harry Levi, the diplomatic representative of the New Zionist Organization in Geneva; and A. Z. Propes, head of Betar, is leaving for San Francisco to present a plan regarding Palestine and the Jewish question to the San Francisco conference, it was announced here today. The delegation is accompanied by Professor A. S. Yahada, Zionist leader and authority on the Arab question.